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Bandurria

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Bandurria: a rare 14 string, not the usual 12 string
The string instrument of more rancid lineage and nobler lineage is the Bandurria. the piano has more than two hundred existence years, the violin does not arrive to five hundred, the guitar if we admitted that comes of the Cytara Greek would arrive to the three thousand, but the Bandurria, more of four millennia! and furthermore, it carries the origin�s guarantee certificate in the own name: Pan-turis the term with the one which the ancient sumerian designated their string instruments, the most old that are known and of this root, through Latin Pandura, it proceed the Hispanic Bandurria".

Juan Jose Rey, musician.

The Pandura:
the origin of the Bandurria would come, though not this of the all demonstrated, from the Pandura, instrument that it was extended by the Romans in the countries of the Europe south, arriving to have certain popularity. the instrument reproduced in the Ni�a Lutatia, of Merida, would be a datum that supported such hypothesis. to be produced the contact with the Arabic civilisation the Pandura is merged with the Qupuz Arabic giving cause for the first steps of the Bandurria.

The Bandurria in the middle ages:
it was an oval-shaped contour instrument, stunned fund and clavijero in "HOZ" with a head carved in the extreme. The number of strings was not greater than three. The lid is of skin, what prevents the use of the "Puente" as "Cordal".

The Bandurria in the renaissance:
in the 'Declaracion de instrumentos musicales' of fray Juan Bermudo (s. xvi), is spoken of the change of tuning that experiences the bandurria; of re-sol-re to re-la-re. Always singles strings. Appear the first Bandurrias of four strings. It is abandoned the use of the plectrum.

The Bandurria in the Baroque:
It is a small instrument, acute and popular, provided of four or five double strings, that is touched with plectrum, contour type pear and of stunned fund, though it can not be discarded that exist of flat fund. The tuning is: #do-#fa-si-mi-la.

The Bandurria at present:
The century xix is a decisive period for the consolidation of the Bandurria. maintain the contour type pear of the previous century but the fund of the instrument tend to be flat. Add a sixth string definitely, being fixed the tuning to: la-mi-si-#fa-#do-#sol and beginning to be generalised the use of metallic strings, what give cause for modifications in the sonority and construction of the instrument.